(sic) FROM THE DESK OF LTCOL OLIVER L. NORTH (USMC) RET. NOVEMBER 28, 2001 OVER THE COURSE OF THE LAST SEVERAL WEEKS, I HAVE RECEIVED SEVERAL THOUSAND E-MAILS FROM EVERY STATE IN THE U.S. AND 13 FOREIGN COUNTRIES IN WHICH THE ORIGINATOR PURPORTS TO HAVE RECENTLY VIEWED A VIDEOTAPE OF MY SWORN TESTIMONY BEFORE A CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE IN 1987. A COPY OF ONE OF THOSE E-MAILS IS ATTACHED BELOW. AS YOU WILL NOTE, THE ORIGINATOR ATTRIBUTES TO ME CERTAIN STATEMENTS REGARDING USAMA BIN LADEN AND OTHER MATTERS THAT ARE SIMPLY INACCURATE. THOUGH I WOULD LIKE TO CLAIM THE GIFT OF PROPHESY, I DON'T HAVE IT. I DON'T KNOW WHO SAW WHAT VIDEO "AT UNC." (OR ANYWHERE ELSE) BUT, FOR THE RECORD, HERE'S WHAT I DO KNOW: 1. IT WAS THE COMMITTEE COUNSEL, JOHN NIELDS, NOT A SENATOR WHO WAS DOING THE QUESTIONING. 2. THE SECURITY SYSTEM, INSTALLED AT MY HOME, JUST BEFORE I MADE A VERY SECRET TRIP TO TEHRAN, COST, ACCORDING TO THE COMMITTEE, $16K, NOT $60K. 3. THE TERRORIST WHO THREATENED TO KILL ME IN 1986, JUST BEFORE THAT SECRET TRIP TO TEHRAN, WAS NOT USAMA BIN LADEN, IT WAS ABU NIDAL (WHO WORKS FOR THE LIBYANS — NOT THE TALIBAN AND NOT IN AFGHANISTAN). 4. I NEVER SAID I WAS AFRAID OF ANYBODY. I DID SAY THAT I WOULD BE GLAD TO MEET ABU NIDAL ON EQUAL TERMS ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD BUT THAT I WAS UNWILLING TO HAVE HIM OR HIS OPERATIVES MEET MY WIFE AND CHILDREN ON HIS TERMS. 5. I DID SAY THAT THE TERRORISTS INTERCEPTED BY THE FBI ON THE WAY TO MY HOUSE IN FEB. 87 TO KILL MY WIFE, CHILDREN AND ME WERE LIBYANS, DISPATCHED FROM THE PEOPLE'S COMMITTEE FOR LIBYAN STUDENTS IN MCLEAN, VIRGINIA. 6. AND I DID SAY THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAD MOVED MY FAMILY OUT OF OUR HOME TO A MILITARY BASE (CAMP LEJEUNE, NC) UNTIL THEY COULD DISPATCH MORE THAN 30 AGENTS TO PROTECT MY FAMILY FROM THOSE TERRORISTS (BECAUSE A LIBERAL FEDERAL JUDGE HAD ALLOWED THE LYBIAN ASSASSINS TO POST BOND AND THEY FLED). 7. AND, FYI: THOSE FEDERAL AGENTS REMAINED AT OUR HOME UNTIL I RETIRED FROM THE MARINES AND WAS NO LONGER A "GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL." BY THEN, THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT HAD SPENT MORE THAN $2M PROTECTING THE NORTH FAMILY. THE TERRORISTS SENT TO KILL US WERE NEVER RE-APPREHENDED. SEMPER FIDELIS, OLIVER L. NORTH
L: Betsy Ross was the only real person ever depicted on a PEZ dispenser.
T: Daniel Boone and Paul Revere have also been depicted.
L: Elvis was the
only other person to have been depicted on a PEZ dispenser.
T: here was never actually an Elvis Pez dispenser. In the movie "The Client" you can see an Elvis Pez dispenser, but this was only a movie prop and
never an real
dispenser made by the Pez company.
L: Fingernails and hair continue to grow after death.
T: This is an illusion. What actually happens is the skin recedes.
L: Marilyn Monroe had six toes on one foot.
T: There is actually a picture of Marilyn Monroe showing what appears to be an extra toe, but it is one picture of thousands of her, and it is the only one
that seems to show it. Most experts think it is an optical illusion and a couple have even suggested it is a fake. This one picture that does seem to show
six toes is fuzzy and unclear.
L: You burn more calories sleeping than you do watching television.
T: Not according to the American Heart Association and Johns Hopkins University; an average 150-pound person, in one hour, burns 71 calories watching
TV or 64 calories
sleeping. It’s interesting to note there is not much difference, but you do
burn a few more calories watching television than you do sleeping.
L: One in every four Americans has appeared on television.
T: While some sources suggest this is technically possible based on the number of television broadcasting stations that exist, no one has ever shown where the
statistic originated or if it's known to actually be true. Some have suggested the "fact" may have been concluded from the result of a survey, where about 1/4
of the people stated they had been on TV. While possible, a survey of a few people (even a few hundred) does not always accurately depict the percentages
of events found in the lives of several
hundred million people in the U.S. and no one thus far has actually stated they
saw the survey or took part in it.
L: Donkeys kill more people annually than plane crashes.
T: There are no known sources stating how many people die each year from "donkey related deaths." Even the World Health Organization, which keeps
death, does not keep any records of this specific type of death, so currently,
this one cannot be proven to be true.
L: The American Dental Association recommends that a toothbrush be kept at least 6 feet away from a toilet to avoid airborne particles resulting from the flush.
T: Even though there is plenty of evidence supporting the claim that airborne particles do travel around during a toilet flush, there are no "official" sources, such as
Dental Association, that have stated 6 feet. That being said, some dentists
probably recommend it, and in general, it's probably a good idea.
L: The soda 7-UP was created in 1929; "7" was selected because the original containers were 7 ounces. “UP" indicated the direction of the bubbles.
T: According to the 7-UP company, the 1929 is correct, but "No one really knows how the name came about."
L: Richard Milhouse Nixon and William Jefferson Clinton are the only two presidents to have all the letters of the word "criminal" in their name.
T: Ever heard of Abraham Lincoln? He was another, and you don't even have to use his middle name.
L: The "Eisenhower Interstate System" requires one mile in every five to be straight road so, in the event of war, war-planes or troop-planes can land.
T: Not according to the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration. This legend has been around for years. I've heard it all my life.
The "Eisenhower Interstate System" does exist, but it has NOTHING to do with the "one-in-five" legend. For more information, see the following link:
L: Wrigley's gum was the first commercial product to ever have a UPC code on it.
T: I wasn't able to verify this, but I have found the following: "In June of 1974, the first U.P.C. scanner was installed at a Marsh's supermarket in Troy,Ohio.
On June 26, 1974 the first product scanned at the check-out with a bar code was Wrigley's gum." This only says the first product to be scanned was a pack
of Wrigley's gum, not that the gum was the first product to ever have the code on it. Also, the same article states: "Bar code was first used commercially in
1966 and in 1970
an industry standard was set by Logicon, Inc" so it seems bar codes were
in use, at least somehow, before the Wrigley's gum in 1974.
L: Coke will disintegrate a nail/penny/piece of meat if left in a glass overnight.
T: In October, 2003, this was tested on "Myth Busters". While pure phosphoric acid (the acid in Coke) did in fact dissolve part of a tooth and a piece of meat,
contain very little phosphoric acid, and the same two items in Coke did not
L: You should drink 64 ounces of water every day, and various other claims about water.
T: According to a January 15, 2001 L.A. Times article, nutritionists do not agree where the "eight glasses of water" rumor began. There are several possibilities,
the most commonly accepted being an article that was printed years ago by a doctor claiming that, according to a study done at the time, the average person
loses about 64 ounces of water each day, but the article did not state you must drink 64 ounces of water each day to replace that water, since you get water in
other ways, such as any liquid intake (tea, soft drinks, etc) and any food that contains water. The most common sense approach to drinking water is, if you feel
water, and if you don't feel thirsty, don't drink water, unless you want to.
There are other myths about water, such as, lack of water (or the sensation of thirst) can be mistaken for hunger, and a few others that I won't go into here, but for more information, check out the following link: Not a drop to drink:
L: Coca-Cola was originally green.
T: According to the Coca-Cola company the original formula was always brown. At one time, it was bottled in green bottles, which may have started the rumor.
L: The kings in a deck of playing cards represent various real-life kings in history.
T: Playing cards are not uniform in all cultures, and various legends indicate they represented different people, so no one really knows for sure.
L: The term "golf" originally stood for "Gentlemen Only Ladies Forbidden."
T: Not according to many sources, including: The Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins and The Compact Oxford English Dictionary. Considering
that the original
word wasn't even "golf" this one is very unlikely.
L: If an equestiran statue has both front legs in the air, the person died in battle. If the horse has one front leg in the air, the person died from wounds received
in battle. If the
horse has all four legs on the ground, the person died of natural causes.
T: Not according to many sources, and not true based on many different equestrian statues. Some examples are:
EXAMPLES OF STATUES THAT DO FOLLOW THE RULE
FRANCIS ASBURY: 16th and Mount Pleasant NW (1924). All hooves on ground; died in peace.
FIELD MARSHAL DILL: Arlington Cemetery (1950). All hooves on ground; died of leukemia.
ULYSSES S. GRANT: Union Square, (1922). All hooves on ground; died in peace.
MAJ. GEN. HANCOCK: Seventh and Pennsylvania NW (1896). One hoof raised; wounded in battle.
LT. GEN. SCOTT: Scott Circle, (1874). All hooves on ground; died in peace.
EXAMPLES OF STATUES THAT DO NOT FOLLOW THE RULE
GEN. SIMON BOLIVAR: 18th at C and Virginia NW (1959). One hoof raised; died of tuberculosis.
MAJ. GEN. GREENE: Stanton Square, (1877). One hoof raised; died in peace, unwounded.
MAJ. GEN. ANDREW JACKSON: Lafayette Park (1853). Two hooves raised; died in peace.
STONEWALL JACKSON: Manassas (1940). All hooves on ground; wounded by own men and died.
MAJ. GEN. PHILIP KEARNY: Arlington National Cemetery (1914). One hoof raised; died in battle.
BRIG. GEN. COUNT CASIMIR PULASKI: 13th and Pennsylvania (1910). One hoof raised; died in battle.